Oktober 30, 2023

Understanding the NIST Cybersecurity Framework 2.0


Cybersecurity threats are constantly evolving, necessitating continuous improvement in security measures by organizations. A structured approach to managing cybersecurity risks is crucial, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework provides a solid foundation for this. This paper discusses the NIST Cybersecurity Framework 2.0, detailing its purpose, core concepts, requirements, and target audience.

Purpose of the Framework:

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework 2.0 aims to help organizations reduce cybersecurity risks. It was developed with extensive community feedback over a year, providing a structured way to identify, manage, and mitigate cybersecurity risks effectively 1 2.

General Concepts and Requirements:

The updated NIST CSF 2.0 includes several significant changes to facilitate better implementation of the framework by organizations:

1. Expanded Scope: The framework covers a wide range of cybersecurity considerations.

2. Addition of a Sixth Function – Govern: A new function, ‚Govern,‘ has been added to help manage the governance aspects of cybersecurity within organizations.

3. Improved Guidance: There’s better guidance on implementing the CSF, especially regarding creating profiles to reflect an organization’s cybersecurity posture accurately.

4. Community-Driven Updates: The framework updates were driven by community feedback to ensure relevancy and effectiveness in addressing current cybersecurity challenges. 2.

Control Categories Overview:

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework organizes cybersecurity activities into five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover. Each function has underlying categories and subcategories.

1. Identify: Understanding the organization’s operations, risks, and resources.

2. Protect: Implementing safeguards to ensure delivery of critical infrastructure services.

3. Detect: Identifying the occurrence of a cybersecurity event.

4. Respond: Taking action regarding a detected cybersecurity incident.

5. Recover: Maintaining plans for resilience and restoring any capabilities impaired due to a cybersecurity incident.


The NIST CSF 2.0 is suitable for organizations of all sizes and sectors. Its flexible structure allows for customized implementation based on the organization’s needs and cybersecurity maturity level.


The NIST Cybersecurity Framework 2.0 is a crucial tool for organizations looking to enhance their cybersecurity measures. Its updated features and comprehensive structure provide a practical solution for managing cybersecurity risks effectively.


1. „NIST Releases Cybersecurity Framework 2.0 Draft & Implementation…,“ CSRC, August 08, 2023, (https://csrc.nist.gov).

2. „CSWP 29, The NIST Cybersecurity Framework 2.0,“ CSRC, August 8, 2023, (https://csrc.nist.gov).

3. „Introducing the NIST Cybersecurity Framework 2.0 Reference Tool!,“ CSRC, (https://csrc.nist.gov).

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